DBS National Installation Standards

Copyright 2007, DBS Install.
Revised 6-1-2007

Contents

Article Section Title
100 Definitions
200 Installation scope of work for a standard residential installation
A) Materials
B) Labor
200.10 Installation scope of work for nonstandard installation activities
A) Ground Post installation
B) Remote Roof mount installation
300 Material Specifications
A) Coax cable
B) Coax cable attachment devices
C) Dish mounting hardware
D) Coax cable connectors
E) Barrel Connectors
F) Passive DBS signal devices
G) Grounding Components
F) Sealants
H) Ground Post
I) Cable protection
J) Non Penetrating mounts
400 Installation specifications for standard installations
A) Mount Locations
B) Wall Mounts
C) Roof Mounts
D) Coax routing
E) Wall penetrations
F) Floor Penetrations
G) Receiver installation
H) Grounding
I) System Test
400.10 Installation specifications for a nonstandard installation.
A) Ground Post
B) Non Penetrating Mounts
500 System activation and customer education.
A ) Activation
B) Education
C) Clean up
Appendix - NA

100
Definitions
Attic

The area between the ceiling of the top floor and the roof.

Basement

An area below the 1st floor living space where access and travel with- in is possible without the need to crawl or remove items that may block installers path. 

Crawl space
The area between the 1st floor and earth.
DBS
Direct Broadcast Satellite system, current platform providers are DirecTV, Pegasus and DISH Network.
DBS IRD
The indoor unit used for the reception of DBS satellite broadcast
Ground Mast
A steel post/pipe installed in the ground for the purpose of mounting a DBS dish.
Mast The vertical steel pipe/tube which supports a DBS Dish.
Multi sat Dish
A DBS dish used for the reception of more then one satellite position.
Mount
The hardware supplied with a DBS system for the purpose of attaching the satellite dish to a structure. The mount supports the mast.
NEC  
2002 National Electrical Code, articles 250,810,820 and all articles referred to in text.
Nonstandard
Materials and(or) labor not included in the scope of a standard installation. Nonstandard materials and(or) labor are subject to a surcharge.
Suitable dish mount location A DBS dish mount/mast location which provides at least 1 year of un obstructive clear line-of-sight from trees, bushes or shrubs. If such a location cannot be found, customer may authorize installer to install dish mount so long as installer can achieve an un obstructive view at time of installation. Customer can only authorize location if the potential obstruction is on the property and therefore under the control of the authorizing person. If potential obstruction is off the property of the authorizing person, then that site shall not be considered suitable.
Remote Roof Mount
A mount location which requires the technician to disembark the ladder.
Wall fish
The act of installing a cable vertically within a wall cavity.
Wall mount
The attaching of a DBS mount to an external wall of a building.

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200
Installation scope of work for a standard residential installation
A DBS installation company shall provide the materials and labor as follows
A)
Materials up to the quantity specified:
1)
120 feet RG-6 coax cable meeting the requirements of 300(A)
2)
1 - ground block terminal meeting 300(F)
3)
Up to 20 feet mast ground wire meeting requirements of 300 (G)
4)
1 – Ground conductor bonding device
5)
1 – Wall plate meeting requirements of 300(E)
6)
6 – Lag screws to be used to attach mount to structure following 300(C)
B)
Labor
1)
Perform site survey and locate a suitable dish mount location in accordance to 400(A) and customer reasonable desires.
2)
Install mount on one exterior wall in accordance to 400(B) or on roof according to 400(C)
3)
If no suitable dish mount location can be found meeting the requirements of 400(A) then the install technician shall conduct survey for a ground mast. If a ground mast location meeting the requirements of  400.10(A) can be found, customer shall be offered a ground mast installation and informed of associated cost.
4)
Route cable on exterior of structure and (or) through basement.
5)
Route cable through:
a.
one exterior wood framed wall in accordance to 400(E).
b.
up through floor from basement in accordance to 400(F).
6)
Install ground block, ground conductors and bond to an approved ground per NEC and local codes.
7)
Route and secure cable in accordance to 400(D)
8)
Connect DBS IRD to one VCR and (or) television using cables supplied by receiver manufacturer in accordance to 400(H)
9)

Activate system and educate customer per 500 (A)(B)

200.10
Installation scope of work  for nonstandard installation activities
A)
Ground Mast Installation - A ground mast installation shall include the following;
1)
Labor to install all materials in 200.10(A3-A6) in accordance to 400.10(A)
2)
Labor to bury 10 feet of coax at a minimum depth of 6 inches in accordance to 300(I)
3)

A steel pipe or tube to act as mast meeting 300(H)

4)
A minimum of 60 lb. premix concrete
5)

Cable protection materials in accordance to 300(I).

6)
Wire ties to secure cable and cable protection material
B)

Remote Roof mount installation. Remote roof mounts shall meet all requirements of 400 (C1-C4)

300
Material Specifications

 

A)
Coax cable. All coax cable used to conduct DBS signals shall be as follows:
1)
UL approved for residential applications
2)
Swept for frequency use up to 3 GHz
3)
RG-6
4)
Meet the requirements of the platform provider for which technician is installing. See appendix A for current cable specifications
5)
If used in direct contact with earth shall be of a direct burial design and construction.
B)
Coax cable attachment devices. Devices such as cable clips, insulated staples and wire ties or similar items used to attach coax cable shall meet the requirements as follows:
1)
Incorporate a method by which the cable will not be pinch so as to result in a deformation of the cable.
2)
Made of UV resistance material.
3)
Appropriate for the mounting material for which cable is being attached to. Manufactured concrete based siding material, or other dense material shall require a screw type device to secure cable.
C)
Dish mounting hardware. All hardware shall be appropriate for the application as follows.
1)
Screws for wood frame walls and roofs shall:
a.
be no less then 3/8 inch in diameter.
Top
b.
be of sufficient length to reach a depth of  2” into solid wood but not so long as to go all the way through.  The thickness of other material between the mount and the wood shall be considered when selecting over all screw length.
2)
Brick and Concrete. All fasteners for attaching mounts to concrete or brick shall:
a.
be set no less then 1 ¾ “ into mounting surface.
b.
be no less then ¼” in diameter.
c.
have a head or washer no less then ½ “ in diameter.
d
be specially manufactured and labeled for the application.
D)
Coax cable connectors. All connectors shall meet the following requirements:
1)
Use a compression  method of attachment.
2)
When used in outdoor application, rated: Waterproof. Note: Compression connectors for exterior application usually contain a non-visible O-ring inside the nut/ferral assemble. Visible O-rings in the bottom of nut are only found on Hex Crimp connectors.
E)
Barrel Connectors. This section applies to barrel connectors used in wall plates, stand-alone and those incorporated into ground block devices. All barrel connectors used to splice coax cable conducting DBS signals shall be rated for use with DBS signals up to 3 GHz
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F)
Passive DBS signal devices. All devices including ground blocks, splitters and diplexers used to conduct, separate or combine DBS signals shall be rated for use at 3 GHz or higher and if used outdoors be rated for outdoor use by manufacturer.
G)
Ground Components. All ground components shall meet NEC Article 810, 820 and 250 in addition to applicable local regulations.
The NEC states the following as suitable ground conductors
1)
Coaxial Cable - Approved Grounding Conductors
a.

Not smaller then 10 AWG copper, 17 AWG Copper Coated Steel, or other corrosion-resistant insulated conductive material, stranded or solid. The NEC does allow for 8 AWG Aluminum wire.

Given the installation restrictions of aluminum wire, it is not accepted as a approved ground conductor under the DNI Standards.

b. It shall have a current-carrying capacity approximately equal to that of the outer conductor of the coaxial cable. The grounding conductor shall not be required to exceed 6 AWG.
2) Mast - Approved Grounding Conductors
a. 17 AWG copper coated steel
b. 10 AWG copper or larger, Solid or Stranded
Top 3) Bonding Methods of Grounding Conductors
All clamps, straps, and clips shall be UL approved and meet 2002 NEC 250.70,
F)
Sealants. All sealants used shall be specifically manufactured for the application for which it is used.  For roof mounts on asphalt tab roofing, roof patch tar or other roof repair sealant shall be used. All sealants applied to wood, vinyl, metal, concrete and brick shall be rated for such use.
H)
Ground Mast. Any material used for the ground post installation of a DBS dish shall meet the following requirements:
1)
Steel pipe or tubing with an outside diameter of 1-5/8 inches.
2)
No less rigid than 1-5/8” O.D. steel fence post for applications where post extends up to 4 feet above finish grade.
3)
No less rigid than  1-5/8” OD steel rigid conduit or steel water pipe for applications where post extends more then 4 feet above finish grade.     
4)
At least 4 feet in length.
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5)
Outfitted with a steel rod, plate or similar device to prevent rotation when set in concrete. Anti-rotation device shall extend no less then 2 inches outward on two sides of pipe and:
a.
if a rod or round bar, have a diameter no less then 3/8”.
b.
if a plate is used, it must have no less then 4 square inches of surface area per-side.
I)
Cable protection. Common items used for cable protection are electrical PVC conduit, plastic tubing, flex conduit and rubber hose. All Items used to protect cable from damage shall meet the following requirements:
1)
Made of plastic or rubber.
2)
Only use sweep fittings for bends.
3)
Sufficient in diameter to allow for the free movement of the cable(s) within the device.
4)
Sufficient in length to protect cable:
a.
up to 12 inches vertically above finish grade.
b.
For the entire length of the cables presence laying in or on earth, except if coax is of a direct burial design and construction.
J

Non Penetrating Roof Mounts shall be professional engineered and manufactured.

Copyright 2007, DBS Install
400
Installation specifications for standard installations
Top
A)
Mount Locations. All mount locations shall be suitable and meet the following requirements:
1)
Not on wood shakes, slate, concrete tile, clay tile or vinyl siding.
2)
Not  mounted on metal siding or roofing that is constructed to resemble traditional wood lap roofing or siding. If such location is requested by property owner then owner shall be informed that the installation will deform the material resulting  in kinks and bends in the material surrounding the mount.
3)
Not on a wood post if post is not secured at the top to prevent post from twisting or moving during wood drying process or seasonal changes.
4)
Not on a wood post exceeding 8 feet between supports.
5)
Have clear line of site to desired satellite. When ever possible, dish mount shall also be positioned to have clear line of site with as much of the satellite belt as possible.
6)
Accessible to an installer/customer with a ladder no longer then 28’ in extended length and positioned so installer/customer does not need to disembark from the ladder to safely service dish. 
7)
Be authorized by property owner.
B)
Wall Mounts. Mounts attached to wood frame walls shall be secured to the wall so to minimize the movement of the mount. When attaching to stud walls covered in standard or manufactured wood siding, all mounts shall be as follows:
1)
Secured to wall stud with two lag screws meeting 300(C1) and four lag screws meeting 300(C1) in the corners of the mount. All lag screws installed through the center holes of the mount shall have a washer installed between the head of the screw and the mount.
2)
Have a pilot hole drilled equal to one-half the diameter of the lag screw for each screw to be inserted into the wall.
3)
Have an appropriate sealant applied to holes on siding before the mount is attached to the wall. A bead of sealant shall be also be applied to the seam between the dish mount and the siding material.
4)
Installed so as to provide a vertical mast for dish installation.
5)
Grounded to comply with NEC and local electrical/building codes.
C)
Roof Mounts. Mounts attached to wood frame roofs shall be secured to the roof so as to minimize the movement of the mount. All roof mounts shall be as follows, excluding 400(C-5)
1)
Secured to a roof trust or other support material with two lag screws meeting 300(C1) and four lag screws meeting 300(C1) in the corners of the mount. All lag screws installed through the center holes of the mount shall have a washer installed between the head of the screw and the mount.
2)
Have a pilot hole drilled equal to one-half the diameter of the lag screw for each screw to be inserted into the wall.
3)
Have an appropriate roofing sealant (see 300(F)) applied to holes on roof  before the mount is attached to the roof. A bead of appropriate roofing sealant shall be also be applied to the seam between the dish mount and the roofing material.
4)
Installed so as to provide a vertical mast for dish installation.
5)
Non-Penetrating roof mounts may be used as described in 400.10(B).
D)
Coax routing. All coax cable shall be routed and secured to following requirements:
1)
Comply with NEC and local codes
2)
Installed in such a manner to minimize cable damage from grass trimmers and other landscape maintenance equipment.
3)

Protected from materials which can cause abrasions and(or) cuts should coax come in contact with materials. Typical materials which may cause cuts, or abrasions are asphalt roofing, edges of metal roofing, flashings, down spout and conduit  straps.
Any material used to protect cable must extend  at least two inches on either side of area where damage may occur. The protective material shall be secured to the cable so as to prevent the protective material from sliding or otherwise moving on the cable so as to expose the cable to potential damage.
Coax may be protected from such damaging materials using:

Top
a.
plastic loom cable wrap
b.
plastic or rubber  tubing
c.
grommets
d.
conduit
e.
1/8” covering of vinyl tape
f.
Using cable attachment devices to eliminate the cables ability to move around while in contact with the abrasive or sharp material.
4)
Secured to structure in accordance with 300 (B)
5)
Secured every 18 inches on horizontal runs and 24 inches on vertical runs.
6)
Installed  without sharp bends, kinks or extreme twist.
7)
Provide drip loops where:
a.
cable enters or exits holes in building structure.
b.
is attached to ground block.
c.
is attached to diplexer or other passive component.
d.
a splice is present. 
E)
Wall penetrations.  All wall penetrations shall meet the following requirements
1)
Approved by the homeowner or agent acting on behalf of the homeowner before any holes are drilled.
2)
Located so as to minimize the chance of hitting an existing electrical or other wire pre installed in building structure. Holes drilled in mobile homes shall be:
Top
a.
not located with 8 inches of the height of existing electrical outlets. Some mobile homes are constructed with the electrical wires wrapping the building at the height of the electrical outlets. Staying away from that elevation on the wall will minimize the chance of hitting an electrical cable.
b.
outfitting with a grommet if the exterior of the mobile home is metal. The grommet shall be sufficient to protect the cable.   
3)
Walls penetrations in wood frame construction buildings shall:
a.
not be located directly above or below an existing electrical outlet.
b.
be located as close as possible between wall studs.
c.
be sealed in accordance to 300(F).
4)
Fitted with a wall plate or grommet on all interior cable exit/enter points. Wall plates shall be attached to the wall with appropriate screws.
F)
Floor Penetrations. A hole though the floor for the purpose of installing a cable shall meet the following requirements:
1)
Approved by the homeowner or agent acting on behalf of the homeowner before any holes are drilled.
2)
Not be drilled though a loop type carpet.
3)
Positioned between one and two inches away from the wall.
4)
Positioned so as to not interfere with a zero wall clearance cabinet, book shelve or other furniture. 
G)
IRD installation. The install technician shall connect each DBS IRD as follows:
1)
To one television and VCR (if applicable) using manufactured supplied cables.
2)
To existing telephone jack using manufactured supplied cables.
H) Grounding. All Grounding shall meet the following requirements, NEC and all local codes.
1) All grounding conductors shall be bonded to one of the following NEC approved bonding locations:
Top a. The building or structure grounding electrode system as covered in NEC 250.50.
b. The grounded interior metal water piping systems within 1.52m (5 feet) from its point of entrance to the building, as covered in 250.52.
c. The power service accessible means external to the building, as covered in NEC 250.94.
d. The metallic power service raceway.
e The service equipment enclosure or
f.

The grounding electrode conductor or the grounding electrode conductor metal enclosures; or

If the building or structure served has no grounding means, as described in NEC 810.21(F)(1), to any one of the individual electrodes described in NEC 250.52; or

If the building or structure served has no grounding means as described in 810.21 (F)(1) or (F)(2), to an effectively grounded metal structure or to any one of the individual electrodes described in 250.52.

An effectively grounded metal structure may include the metal frame, or structural steel of a mobile home or commercial steel framed building.

Top Note: Ground blocks are not an approved bonding location. Connecting a 17 AWG CCS mast ground conductor to a coax ground block, thereby piggy backing the mast ground onto a 10 AWG copper coax ground does not meet NEC requirements. Both the mast ground and coax ground conductor are required to be bonded to an approved NEC ground bonding location.
The "Piggy backing" of ground conductors is discouraged, but is accepted as an industry standard practice and therefore acceptable to meet DNI Standards.
I)
System Test. The install technician shall verify system operation in the following manner:
1)
Test system using IRD's internal diagnostic or system test.
2)
Manually Test signal strength on one odd and one even transponder
3)
Test signal on each satellite that system is designed to receive. Only required for multi sat dish installations.
4)
Verifying telephone jack is active by conducting receiver phone line test, only if this function was not included in system test
Copyright 2007, DBS Install
400.10
Installation specifications for a nonstandard installation
A)
Ground Mast. All ground mast installations shall meet the following requirements:
1) Meet ground mast specifications of 300(H)
2)
Secured in undisturbed earth with a minimum of 60 lb. concrete.
3)
Set to a minimum depth of 24 inches below frost line.
4)
Vertical
5)
Bonded to service ground in accordance to NEC article 810 and local regulations.
6)
Set so that the anti-rotate device is contained within the concrete.
7) Have a cable protection device attached to protect cable as it enters the ground. The cable protection shall be in accordance to 300(I)
8)
Provide a suitable dish mount location.
B)

Non-Pen. The ballast for the non-pen mount must not be less then the minimum amount recommended by the manufacturer for the application.

500
System activation and customer education.
A)
Activation. The install technician shall activate the DBS system as follows:
1)
Call programmer and provide all necessary information to customer service operator to activate DBS system.
2)
Program TV and VCR codes in to DBS receiver remote control for each receiver installed.
3)
Verify that VCR (if applicable) is correctly connect by recording a short section of DBS picture and playing back the tape, for the customer, to establish that the VCR is operational.
B)
Education. The install technician shall educate the customer on system operation. The customer shall be introduced to the following functions and features:
1)
Basic remote operation including:
a.
guide button and on screen navigation.
b.
how to use DBS remote to operate TV and VCR
ac.
system menu, including how to find signal strength.
2)
Systems features including:
a.
event programming for auto tune or tag operation.
b.
programming favorite list. Technician shall program at least one receiver with a custom favorite list for customer.
c.
parental controls (if applicable)
C)
Clean up. Before departing job site, technician shall meet the following conditions:
1)
Clean up all plastic packing material and ask customer for appropriate place to dispose of material.
2)
Vacuum all material created from drilling holes.
3)
Provide customer with method of contacting installing technician in case of problems.
4)
Perform an installation walk-through with customer
5)
Have customer sign job acceptance form.

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